IHOP Pubmed trauma


Int J Surg. 2015 Jul 22. pii: S1743-9191(15)00372-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.07.008. [Epub ahead of print]
Immune enhancing nutrition in traumatic brain injury – A preliminary study.
Painter TJ1, Rickerds J2, Alban RF3.
Author information
Abstract
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Certain patients appear to benefit when they receive immune enhancing additives, such as glutamine, arginine, and omega-3 fatty acids. We hypothesized that TBI patients given enteral feedings containing these supplements may have improved nutrition measures and infection rates when compared to standard tube feedings. This is a retrospective review of patients from a Level-One trauma center from July 2009 to July 2013. A total of 240 TBI patients received either an immune enhancing nutrition (IEN) formula (n = 126), or a standard formula (SF) (n = 114) based on the attending surgeon’s preference. Data collected included demographic information, infection information and outcome measures. Patients were similar in terms of age, ISS, head AIS, and initial prealbumin level. Patients receiving IEN were found to have lower rates of blood stream infections (10.3% vs 19.3%, p < 0.05), whereas pneumonia and UTI rates were similar between groups. In addition, both groups had similar rates of all-cause mortality and hospital length of stay, however IEN patients spent longer in the ICU and on ventilators. In TBI patients receiving IEN, prealbumin levels were higher at the second, third, and fourth week of admission (week 2 – 22.2 vs 17.4, p = 0.006; week 3 – 24.6 vs 20.1, p = 0.04; week 4 – 26.3 vs 22.1, p = 0.19; week 5 – 25.8 vs 20.3, p = 0.21). This study suggests that patients with traumatic brain injury who receive IEN are more likely to have increased prealbumin levels perhaps reflecting improved nutrition throughout their hospital stay and may show some benefit in rates of infections, particularly in bacteremia.
Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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About garyskeete

ASHWORTH MEDICINE-Professional Medical Assisting, Doctor of Science,Legal Assistant Diploma BSc Criminal Justice
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